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Tech & Science China's hi-tech quest for military supremacy

05:55  13 march  2018
05:55  13 march  2018 Source:   msn.com

Historic meeting lauds lifetime power for Xi

  Historic meeting lauds lifetime power for Xi Thousands of Chinese legislators erupted into enthusiastic applause on Monday over plans to give President Xi Jinping a lifetime mandate to mould the Asian giant into a global superpower. China's rubber-stamp parliament met in the imposing Great Hall of the People for an annual session that will make Xi the most powerful leader since Mao Zedong, concentrating the growing might of the military, economy and state in the hands of one man.

In the coming decades, it is poised to challenge US technological supremacy in key fields such as artificial intelligence, supercomputing and quantum information science. Here are a few examples of how China is making rapid progress in high - tech fields with military applications

Photo: Xinhua. Technologysecurity. China ’ s quest for techno- military supremacy . Here are a few examples of how China is making rapid progress in high - tech fields with military applications.

China's J-20 stealth fighter made its public debut at Airshow China last year in the latest sign of the growing sophistication of the country's military technology. © AP China's J-20 stealth fighter made its public debut at Airshow China last year in the latest sign of the growing sophistication of the country's military technology. Chinese President Xi Jinping wants to transform China’s military into the world’s most powerful force by 2050. And he could be on track to do it.

On the opening day of its National People’s Congress in Beijing last week, China reported a defence budget of ¥1.11 trillion ($225 billion) for 2018. That represents an 8.1 per cent increase in its defence budget, compared with a 7 per cent increase last year.

China’s military has modernised rapidly in recent years. Since January alone it has demonstrated new capabilities in stealth fighter jets, drones, naval ships and advanced missiles.

China's tests for a global satellite network will start this year

  China's tests for a global satellite network will start this year Last month SpaceX launched a couple of satellites to test plans for a global internet provider (you can watch another non-internet satellite launch tonight), and now the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp (CASIC) said it will perform a test of its own later this year. After the first one goes up, four satellites will launch before 2020, with the full network scheduled to be in place by 2022 providing coverage around the world. While most satellites orbit at about 36,000 km above the Earth, these will stay at just 1,000 km.

China ’ s new J-20 stealth fighter was placed into combat service in February. AAP/EPA. China ’ s quest for techno- military supremacy . China ’ s new superweapons. Here are a few examples of how China is making rapid progress in high - tech fields with military applications.

President Xi Jinping is investing billions in developing new technologies in a bid to make China ' s military the world's greatest force by 2050.

Chinese scientists are also working to develop revolutionary technologies that would change the way wars are fought – and the way we live.

 While China still lags the US in overall technological capability, it has narrowed the gap substantially.

In the coming decades, it is poised to challenge US technological supremacy in key fields such as artificial intelligence, supercomputing and quantum information science.

What explains China’s rise as a technological power?

A military officer takes a smartphone photo of a fellow officer before a plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. © AP A military officer takes a smartphone photo of a fellow officer before a plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. First, it has leveraged the innovation of other countries via technology transfers, and the acquisition of foreign companies and talent. It has also been reverse-engineering Western technology, and conducting state-sponsored industrial espionage.

Google Unveils Largest Quantum Computer Yet, But So What?

  Google Unveils Largest Quantum Computer Yet, But So What? Google announced its newest 72-qubit quantum computer, called Bristlecone, at a conference and in a blog post That's a big step over the competition - but how big a deal is it? Quantum computing, or computing based on the principles of physics' most head-scratching topic, has entered a new era in which it's doing things that are classically hard. Some researchers are trying to demonstrate that their quantum computers can solve problems that supercomputers can't. Google thinks that Bristlecone will be the chip that reaches this "quantum supremacy" milestone.

In the final analysis, China ’ s model of growth and stability certainly offers an approach that is far superior to the recent debacle of the Latin American Left and the political chaos resulting from Washington’s quest for global military supremacy .

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According to one security analysis, between 2006 and 2013 the Chinese military stole confidential data from more than 140 organisations around the world. The problem was so serious that in May 2014, the US Department of Justice indicted five Chinese military hackers for cyber-espionage activities against US companies.

Military delegates arrive for a plenary session of China's National People's Congress (NPC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, on Friday. © AP Military delegates arrive for a plenary session of China's National People's Congress (NPC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, on Friday. Second, China has been able to mobilise resources for priority technology sectors and research and development projects in a way that many democracies are simply unable to do because of the limits of government power or popular mandate.

Large state subsidies, government R&D funding, tailored regulations, market barriers and lax individual rights (such as privacy) protection have given Chinese domestic companies an edge over their foreign competitors.

Wary Taiwan eyes growing shadow of China's Xi

  Wary Taiwan eyes growing shadow of China's Xi President Xi Jinping's vision of a resurgent Chinese nation raises a huge red flag for democratic rival Taiwan, with the pressure set to rise now Xi has a lifetime to realise his ambitions. China sees Taiwan as a renegade province and has long stated its desire for reunification, an ambition strongly opposed by the self-ruling island, which has an elected government, freedom of speech and a deep-seated sense of its own identity.

China ’ s 2015 national defence white paper on military strategy—which included the PLA’s commitment ‘to remain a staunch force for upholding the CCP’s ruling position’ and to preserve ‘social stability’

China ’ s 2015 national defence white paper on military strategy—which included the PLA’s commitment ‘to remain a staunch force for upholding the CCP’s ruling position’ and to preserve ‘social stability’

A good example of this is the rise of China’s internet sector to global prominence, as represented by giants such as Tencent and Alibaba.

Finally, China has substantially increased its R&D expenditure in recent years. From 2012 to 2017, China’s annual R&D spending rose 70.9 per cent  to ¥1.76 trillion. The US National Science Board expects China to surpass the US in R&D investment, in purchasing power terms, by the end of this year.

Here are a few examples of how China is making rapid progress in high-tech fields with military applications:

Hypersonic technology

Hypersonic technology could one day allow us to travel from Beijing to New York in about two hours, rather than the 13 hours it currently takes.

China is developing a hypersonic glide vehicle known as DF-ZF to make its nuclear and non-nuclear missiles extremely fast, manoeuvrable and capable of defeating existing missile defence systems.

To support this effort, China is building the world’s most advanced hypersonic wind tunnel for testing the extreme conditions of supersonic flight. While an operational hypersonic missile is still years away, once developed it would be a formidable weapon. It could also have a destabilising effect on strategic relations between China and other powers by compressing the time window for decision-making in a conflict or crisis.

China eyes 'black tech' to boost security as parliament meets

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Xi Jinping’s China seems destined to challenge US technological supremacy in key fields such as AI, supercomputing and quantum information science. Chinese President Xi Jinping wants to transform China ’ s military into the world’s most powerful force by 2050.

As China draws ever closer to launching into space a prototype laser intended to destroy enemy satellites, defense planners in the United States are worried. READ: Light wars: space-based lasers among Beijing’ s hi - tech arms.

The DF-ZF is what is known as a Hypersonic Glide Vehicle (HGF). © Washington Free Beacon The DF-ZF is what is known as a Hypersonic Glide Vehicle (HGF). Another area of China’s focus is quantum technology, which uses subatomic mechanics to process and transmit information in a fraction of the time required by existing technology.

China is making rapid headway in quantum communication, computing and cryptography. In August 2016, China launched the world’s first quantum satellite. This enabled Chinese researchers to conduct cutting-edge experiments in quantum entanglement and teleportation. To win the quantum race, China announced last year that it will build the world’s largest quantum research facility at a cost of ¥76 billion.

Quantum technology would enable the Chinese military to set up virtually unbreakable communication networks. It would also provide it with overwhelming computing power for information operations, such as the decryption of secret communications by adversaries.

Electromagnetic technology

China is also in the advanced stages of developing an electromagnetic railgun. This supergun uses electromagnetic energy to shoot powerful projectiles over vast distances at incredible speed. These projectiles are aerodynamic and their power comes from the kinetic damage generated by the intense speed at which they travel.

New Tech to Save Aircraft from Lightning Strikes

  New Tech to Save Aircraft from Lightning Strikes A strong lightning jolt can immediately damage the outer structure as well as electrical systems onboard an aircraft, but the new tech could prevent that from happening.A strong lightning jolt can immediately damage the outer structure as well as electrical systems onboard an aircraft. Pilots usually tend to avoid this problem by opting for a safer route, but researchers at MIT think charging a plane could be the way to deal with it.

Xi Jinping’s China seems destined to challenge US technological supremacy in key fields such as AI, supercomputing and quantum information science. (Asia Times) Chinese President Xi Jinping wants to transform China ’ s military into the world’s most powerful force by 2050.

China ' s Quest Military Supremacy in the Cyber Domain.

Recent photos circulated on Chinese social media show what is suspected to be an experimental electromagnetic railgun mounted on the bow of a Chinese navy ship. This indicates that China may soon be the first in world to test such a weapon at sea, where it could revolutionise naval combat.

In contrast, the US Navy is winding down its railgun research program because of resource constraints and shifting priorities.

Quantum Hypersonic flight missiles

The above examples are only a few among dozens of high-tech fields in which China is making rapid progress. Others include biotechnology, robotics, supercomputing, nanotechnology, advanced materials, space technology, and artificial intelligence.

The Chinese government has identified 17 engineering and science megaprojects that are key to China’s economic and military strength. They include advanced satellites, large nuclear reactors, large aircraft and high-end electronic chips.

China’s continued rise as a technological giant will have profound implications for its military power as Beijing leverages civilian technology for its military. This effort is so important that President Xi considers it a top priority. To underscore this, Xi created a powerful commission under his direct leadership to provide high-level guidance and oversight.

Much hinges on how Beijing chooses to use its new-found military and technological might. Indeed, China’s extensive geopolitical ambitions and increasingly assertive foreign policy are ominous signs that foreshadow the challenges ahead.

Adam Ni is a Researcher, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University

This article was first published in The Conversation

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