Tech & Science Oldest Monster Black Hole Ever Found Is 800 Million Times More Massive Than the Sun

05:21  07 december  2017
05:21  07 december  2017 Source:   MSN

Physicist suggests new theory that challenges everything we know about the universe

  Physicist suggests new theory that challenges everything we know about the universe A physicist at the University of Campinas, São Paulo, has a theory about black holes which suggests the Big Bang might not have kick-started the universe. According to Science Alert, Juliano César Silva Neves rejects the idea that the universe as we know it began with a 'Big Bang'.

MORE . An artist's illustration of a monster supermassive black hole at the heart of a quasar in the distant universe. Scientists say the newfound black hole SDSS J010013.02+280225.8 is the largest and brightest ever found .

An artist's illustration shows a supermassive black hole with millions to billions times the mass of our sun at the center released Not only is the black hole the biggest ever seen but also it’s at the center of the largest quasar ever discovered. It's what's left over after the violent death of a massive star.

Artist’s illustration of the most-distant supermassive black hole ever discovered, which is part of a quasar from just 690 million years after the Big Bang.© Robin Dienel, courtesy of the Carnegie Institution for Science Artist’s illustration of the most-distant supermassive black hole ever discovered, which is part of a quasar from just 690 million years after the Big Bang. Astronomers have discovered the oldest supermassive black hole ever found — a behemoth that grew to 800 million times the mass of the sun when the universe was just 5 percent of its current age, a new study finds.

This newfound giant black hole, which formed just 690 million years after the Big Bang, could one day help shed light on a number of cosmic mysteries, such as how black holes could have reached gargantuan sizes quickly after the Big Bang and how the universe got cleared of the murky fog that once filled the entire cosmos, the researchers said in the new study.

Scientists discover the oldest, most distant black hole yet

  Scientists discover the oldest, most distant black hole yet The most distant and oldest supermassive black hole ever seen has been discovered, astronomers announced in a study published Wednesday. The black hole resides in a quasar and its light reaches us from when the universe was only 5% of its current age — over 13 billion years ago, or "just" 690 million years after the Big Bang.

Astronomers have discovered a black hole more massive than any detected before, producing the brightest known quasar in the universe. Astronomers have discovered the largest and most luminous black hole ever seen — an ancient monster with a mass about 12 billion times that of the sun

Astronomers have discovered the oldest supermassive black hole ever found — a behemoth that grew to 800 million times the mass of the sun when the universe was just 5 percent of its current age, a new study finds .

Supermassive black holes with masses millions to billions of times that of the sun are thought to lurk at the hearts of most, if not all, galaxies. Previous research suggested these giants release extraordinarily large amounts of light when they rip apart stars and devour matter, and likely are the driving force behind quasars, which are among the brightest objects in the universe. [The Strangest Black Holes in the Universe]

Astronomers can detect quasars from the farthest corners of the cosmos, making quasars among the most distant objects known. The farthest quasars are also the earliest known quasars — the more distant one is, the more time its light took to reach Earth.

The previous record for the earliest, most distant quasar was set by ULAS J1120+0641. That quasar is located 13.04 billion light-years from Earth and existed about 750 million years after the Big Bang. The newfound quasar (and its black hole), named ULAS J1342+0928, is 13.1 billion light-years away.

Massive Galaxy Pair Stretches Cosmic Evolution Theories

  Massive Galaxy Pair Stretches Cosmic Evolution Theories A pair of gargantuan primordial galaxies — with about 313 billion solar masses — from when the universe was less than one billion years old, were found in a halo of dark matter.The discovery of a pair of gargantuan primordial galaxies, which existed when the universe was less than one billion years old, is in that latter category. With a combined mass of about 313 billion suns and originating just 780 million years after the Big Bang, the pair — called SPT0311-58 — pushes against the limits of how scientists understand galaxies to have formed, especially in the early universe.

The monster black hole is the equivalent of 17 billion suns . Astronomers have discovered what may be the most massive black hole ever known in a small galaxy about 250 million light-years from Earth, scientists say.

The discovery suggests we have much to learn about how monster black holes grow, scientists said. All large galaxies are thought to harbor super- massive black holes at their hearts that contain millions to billions of times the mass of our sun .

How black-hole monsters grow

Explaining how black holes could have gobbled up enough matter to reach supermassive sizes early in cosmic history has proved extraordinarily challenging for scientists. As such, researchers want to look at as many early supermassive black holes as possible to learn more about their growth and their effects on the rest of the cosmos.

"The most distant quasars can provide key insights to outstanding questions in astrophysics," said study lead author Eduardo Bañados, an astrophysicist at the Carnegie Institution for Science.

This Shark Could Be Oldest Living Vertebrate At 512

  This Shark Could Be Oldest Living Vertebrate At 512 If the data proves correct, the shark would have been alive before Galileo Galilei was convicted of heresy and before Dutch settlers made it to New York City.Greenland sharks grow at torpid pace of only about one centimeter per year. So when the scientists discovered a female shark measuring about 18 feet, it was clear the shark had witnessed a few centuries of history.

Astronomers have discovered the oldest supermassive black hole ever found — a behemoth that grew to 800 million times the mass of the sun when the universe was just 5 percent of its current age, a new study finds .

The discovery suggests we have much to learn about how monster black holes grow, scientists said. All large galaxies are thought to harbor super- massive black holes at their hearts that contain millions to billions of times the mass of our sun .

The researchers predicted that only 20 to 100 quasars as bright and as distant as the newfound quasar exist in the whole sky visible from Earth.

"This particular quasar is so bright that it will become a gold mine for follow-up studies and will be a crucial laboratory to study the early universe," Bañados told Space.com. "We have already secured observations for this object with a number of the most powerful telescopes in the world. More surprises may arise."

  Oldest Monster Black Hole Ever Found Is 800 Million Times More Massive Than the Sun © Provided by Space.com Finding a behemoth

The researchers detected and analyzed quasar ULAS J1342+0928 using one of the Magellan Telescopes at Las Campanas Observatory in Chile, as well as the Large Binocular Telescope in Arizona and the Gemini North telescope in Hawaii. Its central black hole has a mass about 800 million times that of the sun and existed when the universe was just 690 million years old, or just 5 percent of its current age. [No Escape: The Anatomy of a Black Hole (Infographic)]

"All that mass — almost 1 billion times the mass of the sun — needs to be gathered in less than 690 million years," Bañados said. "That is extremely difficult to achieve and is something that theorists will need to explain in their models."

This Shark Could Be Oldest Living Vertebrate At 512

  This Shark Could Be Oldest Living Vertebrate At 512 If the data proves correct, the shark would have been alive before Galileo Galilei was convicted of heresy and before Dutch settlers made it to New York City.Greenland sharks grow at torpid pace of only about one centimeter per year. So when the scientists discovered a female shark measuring about 18 feet, it was clear the shark had witnessed a few centuries of history.

It may have the wildly unexciting name of SDSS J0100+2802, but don't let that fool you: This black hole is 12 billion times more massive than our sun , making it one of the most massive black holes ever recorded. The study, published in Nature

A monster black hole powering “the brightest lighthouse in the distant universe” has been discovered that is 12bn times more massive than the sun , scientists have revealed. The extraordinary object is at the centre of a quasar - an intensely powerful galactic radiation source

Quasars like J1342+0928 are rare. The researchers searched one-tenth of the entire sky visible from Earth and found just one quasar from this early epoch.

Only about 60 million years separate this newfound quasar from the previous record holder. Still, this span of time was "about 10 percent of the age of the universe at those early cosmic epochs, when things were evolving very rapidly," Bañados said. That means this difference in time could yield important clues about the evolution of the early universe.

This new quasar is also of interest to scientists because it comes from a time known as "the epoch of reionization," when the universe emerged from its dark ages. "It was the universe's last major transition and one of the current frontiers of astrophysics," Bañados said in a statement.

Right after the Big Bang, the universe was a rapidly expanding hot soup of ions, or electrically charged particles. About 380,000 years later, these ions cooled and coalesced into neutral hydrogen gas. The universe stayed dark until gravity pulled matter together into the first stars. The intense ultraviolet light from this era caused this murky neutral hydrogen to get excited and ionize, or gain electric charge, and the gas has remained in that state since that time. Once the universe became reionized, light could travel freely through space.

This huge Home Alone plot hole has FINALLY been explained

  This huge Home Alone plot hole has FINALLY been explained It’s Christmas in less than two weeks and that means we’re cramming in as many Christmas movies as possible. But after watching Home Alone for the 100th time (this month) we’ve been left wondering about one thing.

The monster black hole is the equivalent of 17 billion suns . Astronomers have discovered what may be the most massive black hole ever known in a small galaxy about 250 million light-years from Earth, scientists say.

The monster black hole is the second largest ever seen in the Milky Way after the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A*. Professor Oka, of Keio University in Japan said it is widely accepted black holes with masses greater than a million solar masses lurk at the centres of massive galaxies, but

Glimpsing the early universe

Much remains unknown about the epoch of reionization, such as what sources of light caused reionization. Some prior work suggested that massive stars were mostly responsible for reionization, but other research hinted that black holes were a significant, and potentially dominant, culprit behind this event. [7 Surprising Things About the Universe]

"How and when the reionization of the universe occurred has fundamental implications on how the universe evolved," Bañados said.

The new findings revealed that a large fraction of the hydrogen in the immediate vicinity of the newfound quasar was neutrally charged. This suggests that this quasar comes from well within the epoch of reionization, and further analysis of it could yield insight into what happened during this pivotal time.

However, to really learn more about the epoch of reionization, scientists need more than just one or two early, distant quasars to look at. "We need to find more of these quasars at similar or larger distances," Bañados said. "This is extremely difficult, as they are very rare. This is really like finding the needle in a haystack."

Still, the fact that this newfound quasar is so bright and large suggests that "it's probably not the first quasar ever formed, so we need to keep searching," Bañados said.

The scientists detailed their findings in the Dec. 7 issue of the journal Nature. The researchers also released a companion paper in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.

An Extinct Penguin The Size Of A Human .
An extinct penguin species was almost 6 feet tall and weighed more than 200 pounds. Scientists have found a new extinct species of penguin that was as big as a man.The creature that lived millions of years ago in New Zealand would have been almost 5 feet 10 inches in height and weighed about 220 pounds, according to the researchers’ estimates in the journal Nature Communications. They called it “an exceptionally large bird.”The researchers named the new penguin species Kumimanu biceae — the genus includes the Maori words for “large mythological monster” and “bird.

Source: http://au.pressfrom.com/news/tech-and-science/-48752-oldest-monster-black-hole-ever-found-is-800-million-times-more-massive-than-the-sun/

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

This is interesting!