Tech & Science Found Them! 72 Unseen Galaxies Found Hiding in Plain Sight

14:23  04 december  2017
14:23  04 december  2017 Source:   MSN

Astronomers just found more than 70 'invisible' galaxies lurking in the deepest, darkest patch of the night sky

  Astronomers just found more than 70 'invisible' galaxies lurking in the deepest, darkest patch of the night sky The Hubble Ultra Deep Field image is one of the most detailed photos of the darkest corners of the universe. The image, built over more than a decade with hundreds of long exposures, has revealed 10,000 galaxies.Over the past two decades, the Hubble telescope has stared at a dim corner of the universe to create the Hubble Ultra Deep Field image, where astronomers have found about 10,000 galaxies hiding in the void.

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Astronomers have found 72 potential galaxies hiding in plain sight inside a vast patch of the sky previously observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The discovery not only gives astronomers new targets to study

a star in the middle of the night: The European Southern Observatory's Muse instrument on the Very Large Telescope in Chile captured this view of galaxies in a region of sky included in the Hubble Space Telescope's Ultra Deep Field survey. Muse discovered 72 never-before-seen galaxies in the region.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />© Provided by Space.com The European Southern Observatory's Muse instrument on the Very Large Telescope in Chile captured this view of galaxies in a region of sky included in the Hubble Space Telescope's Ultra Deep Field survey. Muse discovered 72 never-before-seen galaxies in the region.














Astronomers have found 72 potential galaxies hiding in plain sight inside a vast patch of the sky previously observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The discovery not only gives astronomers new targets to study, but also will aid studies of star motion and formation and other properties of old galaxies, the researchers said.

Found Them! 72 Unseen Galaxies Found Hiding in Plain Sight

  Found Them! 72 Unseen Galaxies Found Hiding in Plain Sight Astronomers have found 72 potential galaxies hiding in plain sight inside a vast patch of the sky previously observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The discovery not only gives astronomers new targets to study, but also will aid studies of star motion and formation and other properties of old galaxies, the researchers said.The new study was performed by the MUSE instrument on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope in Chile.

Astronomers have found 72 potential galaxies hiding in plain sight inside a vast patch of the sky previously observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The discovery not only gives astronomers new targets to study

Astronomers have found 72 potential galaxies hiding in plain sight inside a vast patch of the sky previously observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The new study was performed by the MUSE instrument on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope in Chile.

The new study was performed by the MUSE instrument on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope in Chile. Astronomers discovered the newfound galaxies while measuring the distances and properties of 1,600 galaxies captured by the Hubble Space Telescope during its Ultra Deep Field survey.

The 72 newfound galaxies shine in Lyman-alpha light, which is a particular wavelength of ultraviolet light. Because the galaxies are receding from us, their wavelength was stretched from ultraviolet to visible, or near-infrared.

The discoveries were made in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, which is a tiny region of the sky in the southern constellation Fornax (the Furnace). The Hubble data were originally obtained in 2004, two years after NASA space shuttle astronauts visited the space telescope to install the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) and perform other needed maintenance.

Massive Galaxy Pair Stretches Cosmic Evolution Theories

  Massive Galaxy Pair Stretches Cosmic Evolution Theories A pair of gargantuan primordial galaxies — with about 313 billion solar masses — from when the universe was less than one billion years old, were found in a halo of dark matter.The discovery of a pair of gargantuan primordial galaxies, which existed when the universe was less than one billion years old, is in that latter category. With a combined mass of about 313 billion suns and originating just 780 million years after the Big Bang, the pair — called SPT0311-58 — pushes against the limits of how scientists understand galaxies to have formed, especially in the early universe.

Astronomers have found 72 potential galaxies hiding in plain sight inside a vast patch of the sky previously observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The discovery not only gives astronomers new targets to study

Astronomers have found 72 potential galaxies hiding in plain sight inside a vast patch of the sky previously observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The new study was performed by the MUSE instrument on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope in Chile.

Using ACS, Hubble peered at a small region of the sky and found galaxies that had formed less than 1 billion years after the Big Bang, which kick-started the universe. (The Big Bang took place about 13.8 billion years ago, making those galaxies more than 12.8 billion years old.)

"MUSE can do something that Hubble can't — it splits up the light from every point in the image into its component colors to create a spectrum. This allows us to measure the distance, colors and other properties of all the galaxies we can see — including some that are invisible to Hubble itself," stated Roland Bacon, who led the survey team and is also an astrophysicist at the Center for Astrophysics Research of Lyon at the University of Lyon in France.

MUSE is a spectroscopic instrument, meaning it measures light emitted, absorbed or scattered in space. Using spectroscopy, astronomers can learn about stars, galaxies and other objects, including properties such as how fast the objects are moving and what elements they are made of. MUSE recently underwent an adaptive-optics upgrade, which could help with future studies of old galaxies, Bacon added.

2 Bizarre Ancient Galaxies Found in a Colossal Sea of Dark Matter

  2 Bizarre Ancient Galaxies Found in a Colossal Sea of Dark Matter Two enormous galaxies seen merging in the distant universe have astronomers rethinking the leading theory of how galaxies form. When the universe was in its infancy, the very first galaxies were tiny "dwarf galaxies" that clumped together to form the larger galaxies seen today. Known as hierarchical formation, this theory suggests that galaxies form in a step-by-step process as smaller galaxies are pulled together by their mutual gravitational attraction.

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The new work resulted in 10 science papers that will be published in a special issue of the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics.

"MUSE has the unique ability to extract information about some of the earliest galaxies in the universe — even in a part of the sky that is already very well-studied," stated Jarle Brinchmann, lead author of one of the papers.

"We learn things about these galaxies that [it] is only possible [to learn] with spectroscopy, such as chemical content and internal motions — not galaxy by galaxy, but all at once for all the galaxies," added Brinchmann, who is an astronomer at Leiden University in the Netherlands and the Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences at CAUP (Center for Astrophysics of the University of Porto) in Portugal.

Astronomers also found hydrogen halos in old galaxies, which could provide more information about how material leaves and enters galaxies formed early in the universe's history. Future research directions could include looking at star formation, galactic winds, galaxy mergers or even a phenomenon known as cosmic reionization.

That phenomenon explains how light returned to a dark universe billions of years ago. "First light" in the universe was roughly 380,000 years after the Big Bang, when the cosmos cooled down and fundamental particles were able to combine into atoms. However, once these combinations ceased, the universe entered a dark age, because there was no other light available — the first stars weren't shining yet. Reionization occurred between 150 million years and 650 million years after the Big Bang, when the first stars and galaxies were formed from collapsing groups of gas, producing light in the universe again.

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